Trends in modern contraceptive use and factors associated with current use in Zambia: Evidence from DHS data 1992 – 2014

Million Phiri, University of Zambia
Caroline Banda, University of Zambia

Promotion of modern contraception is important for the reduction of maternal mortality. In 2014, the modern contraceptive prevalence rate for all women age 15-49 in Zambia was 33% increasing from 25% in 2007 and 19% in 2001. The pace of increase has been slow. The national target for Zambia is 58% by 2015. A study was done to investigate socio-economic factors associated with modern contraceptive use in Zambia. Secondary data from 1992, 1996, 2001 and 2007 and 2013-14 DHS was used. Results show that residence, employment status and education level influence modern contraceptive use among Zambian women. In multivariate analysis using odds ratios, the main factor influencing contraceptive use is education level, followed by residence, employment status and age. In order to improve contraceptive use, the Zambian government should: Enhance the provision of education and employment opportunities for women which will in turn increase knowledge and access of modern contraceptives.

  See extended abstract

Presented in Poster Session 2