Knowledge of HIV prevention and casual sex among sexually active persons in Ghana

Stephen O. Kwankye, University of Ghana
Delali M. Badasu, University of Ghana
Olutobi A. Sanuade, University of Ghana
Angela El-Adas, Ghana AIDS Commission

This study examined the effects of knowledge of HIV prevention and other factors associated with casual sex among sexually active persons in Ghana in the fight against HIV and AIDS. The study uses a cross-sectional sample of 6,027 individuals 12-59 years randomly surveyed in all ten regions of Ghana. Binary logistic regression was employed to analyse the predictors of having a casual sexual partner. The results showed that sex, religion, and marital status were significantly related with casual sex. Males and the never married, living together, separated or divorced had higher odds of engaging in casual sex compared to the currently married. However, engaging in casual sex was not associated with knowledge of HIV prevention among the respondents. HIV prevention knowledge alone is not enough in reducing casual sex. A comprehensive education on the effects of casual sex on HIV and AIDS should be promoted among sexually-active Ghanaians.

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Presented in Poster Session 4