Adaptation and farm income: insights from the Savanna Region of Togo

Mikemina Pilo, Université de Kara

The main objective of this study is to understand how adaptation strategies shape the impact of climate change on agricultural income in the Savanes region of Togo. Thus, based on household survey data, we estimate an Endogenous Switching Regression (ESR) model to account for the heterogeneity in the decision to adapt. Two main results come out of this study. First adaptation enhances farm income for the farm households that adapted as they would have earned about 24.08% less if they have not adapted. Second the decision not to adapt is rational for farmers who did not adapt since they would have been 13.24 percent worse off in terms of farm income if they were to adapt. The policy message drawn from this study encourages adaptation policies that build on indigenous knowledge since farm households that did not adapt may be using some indigenous practices not formally recognized as adaptation strategies.

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Presented in Session 94: Climate, Water and Health