The social disorganisation theory and community effects on teenage pregnancy in South Africa

Sibusiso Mkwananzi, University of the Witwatersrand
Clifford O. Odimegwu, University of the Witwatersrand

Background: Teenage pregnancy (TP) remains a great social challenge in sub-Saharan Africa. Past research has shown factors associated with the phenomenon in South Africa. Despite efforts to curb TP, reports indicate a persistently high prevalence in South Africa. Nevertheless, the influence of social disorganisation (SD) has not been explored locally. Aim: To examine the effect of precursors and characteristics of SD on TP Methods: Data of pregnancy experience among females aged 12 to 19 years were extracted from the 2011 census. Descriptive statistics and multilevel logistic modelling were performed. Results: Precursors of SD at household level were positively associated with pregnancy where as community level precursors and characteristics were negatively associated with TP in South Africa. Conclusion: Household experience of SD precursors increases the likelihood of TP. Therefore, policies should be created to minimise the levels and effects of household precursors of SD in South Africa.

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Presented in Poster Session 2